ginkgo tree with leaf on branch
Ginkgo tree
[Ginkgo biloba]

Ginkgo tree: the millennium-old medicinal plant

The ginkgo tree has a long tradition in Asia and has been a successful re-import for many years. It decorates many gardens and parks in our country and has also found its place in medicine. Particularly with neurological topics in the broadest sense the Ginkgo is gladly and much in practice used. Thereby Ginkgo is one of the most examined welfare plants, which we have at present in use. Its effectiveness has been the subject of countless studies and has been proven. It is therefore not surprising that there is a whole range of finished medicines available to the therapist for treatment.

Facts about the ginkgo tree

Did you know that...

...ginkgo grew as a native tree here 180 million years ago?
...the fruits of the plant unpleasant smell of butyric acid?
...ginkgo trees like to live over 1000 years?

What is ginkgo?

The Gingko tree is an evergreen summer tree that can reach heights of up to 40m. It often grows older than 1000 years and impresses in its younger years with a slender, tall growth and a moderately spreading crown. With increasing age, this crown becomes more massive and voluminous. The wood of the tree is often used for elaborate carvings in the Asian region, as it is not particularly hard and can be worked well. The ginkgo tree has been cultivated in Europe since 1730 and is nowadays often used as a garden plant, as it is easy to care for and absolutely winter-hardy. In the fall, its foliage turns into all the bright colors and therefore makes a real visual impact. Before 150 million years still more, like 250 different kinds should have existed. Today, only Ginkgo biloba remains as a representative of its kind.

General and healing properties of ginkgo tree

The basic knowledge

Promotes blood circulation

Ginkgo promotes blood circulation. Ginkgo extracts have a blood circulation-promoting and anticoagulant effect. At the same time, they improve the microcirculation capacity of the blood and thus also the oxygen supply to the cells.

Nerve Protective

Ginkgo protects the nerves. The extracts from the ginkgo have shown in various studies that they can protect the nerves from harmful influences. In addition, the nerve is better supplied with oxygen by ginkgo, which optimizes its regenerative capacity and allows damage to heal faster and better.


Ginkgo is antioxidant. The active substances contained in ginkgo intercept free radicals, mostly oxygen species, bind them and thus reduce their damaging effect on cell membranes.

Ginkgo biloba: Ingredients

Ginkgo is one of the most studied medicinal plants of our time following substances could be isolated and are held responsible for the effects of the plant.
  • Isoprenoids
  • Ginkolic acids
  • Flavonoids

Ginkgo tree: effect for body and mind

Due to the fact that ginkgo is one of the very well researched medicinal plants of our time, many mechanisms of action have been known and isolated. According to the studies, its effect against reactive oxygen species and the associated antioxidant potential is due to the contained flavonoids, which mediate this effect. In addition, these flavonoids inhibit the so-called platelet activating factor short: PAF in the blood, which plays an important role in mediating inflammation. Another effect of ginkgo is said to be that it affects gene expression. This directly affects transcription factors, antioxidant enzymes, and proteins involved in DNA synthesis and repair. All these effects improve blood circulation in the micro-vascular area and thus directly improve oxygen supply to the cells. One uses the Ginkgo in practice therefore with blood circulation disturbances of any kind and also the dementia symptoms in the age connected with it if necessary.

Ginkgo properties

  • Promotes blood circulation
  • Antioxidant
  • Neuroprotective
  • Neuroregenerative
  • Antiplatelet
  • Improving supply with oxygen

Fields of application in naturopathy:

[Ginkgo biloba]
The range of applications of ginkgo is very wide, the most important indications are briefly described and explained below.

Ginkgo tree for circulatory disorders

Ginkgo has been found in many studies to promote blood circulation. The extract is therefore used for various problems where blood circulation may be disturbed. Especially disorders of the inner ear with ringing in the ears or arterial occlusions such as intermittent claudication, ginkgo is used successfully.

Ginkgo biloba for dementia

Dementias mostly occur in older people. The cause here seems to be an ever decreasing blood flow to the nervous system. The supply of oxygen and nutrients thus decreases, and the nerve structures suffer as a result. Ginkgo improves this blood flow by influencing platelet aggregation, among other things, and thus helps to improve the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the nervous system.

Ginkgo biloba for balance disorders

The organ of balance is located in the inner ear and is a very sensitive structure. Especially in phases of persistent, intense stress, it can happen that the blood supply to this structure deteriorates. As a result, the supply of oxygen and nutrients decreases and the inner ear can no longer ensure regulation of the sense of balance. Ginkgo is now said to help improve blood flow and nutrient supply again and combats stress-induced micro-inflammation.

Ginkgo tree for diabetes

In diabetes, sugar-related inflammations in the blood vessels occur very frequently. Especially the small, fine vessels are strongly affected, which can lead to sensory disturbances in the fingers, circulatory disturbances in the fingers, but also clouding of vision. The Ginkgo promotes now the blood circulation of these structures by its anti-thrombotic effect and optimizes the supply with oxygen. In addition, it is anti-inflammatory and thus directly counteracts the sugar in its effect.

Milk thistle effect on skin ulcers

There are many skin ulcers and one should definitely have them clarified. But especially for the unspecific rashes without a known cause, milk thistle has proven to be a good treatment. However, you do not only take it, but also make external compresses with strong decoctions. 


Ginkgo biloba for dizziness

The sensitive inner ear is also frequently irritated in dizziness. Micro-inflammations or poorer blood circulation may be responsible. Ginkgo improves blood circulation and nutrient supply, so that the irritation of the inner ear recedes and the dizziness calms down again.

Notes on the use of ginkgo

In case of known hypersensitivity to ginkgo, it should not be taken.

Ginkgo tree during pregnancy & lactation

Ginkgo should not be taken during pregnancy. Toxin accumulation in the placenta has been observed. No abnormalities have been documented in the breastfeeding period.

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Use healing power of ginkgo biloba

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light green leaf of ginko tree


Ginkgo tree

Botanical name

Ginkgo biloba

Plant family

Ginkgo tree family

Other designations

Fan Leaf Tree


March - April

Harvest time



sunny to semi-shady



Flower color


Flower shape


Leaf color


Leaf shape


Sheet properties

parallel nerve, autumn color

Soil type

gravelly to clayey, much humus

Soil moisture

moderately dry to moist


Neutral to acidic

Lime compatibility

lime tolerant

Nutrient requirements

moderately nutrient-rich to nutrient-rich



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